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Asian Tribune is published by World Institute For Asian Studies|Powered by WIAS Vol. 12 No. 2678

Life & Health

Translating clinical efficacy into public health effectiveness

At the recently concluded XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012), not only the decibels went up on ending AIDS but also sane voices were heard demanding a well-costed and thought-through strategy on how to end AIDS. One of the strategies that will complement a comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment, care and support plan to end AIDS is preventing HIV transmission.

Community engagement is key as rectal microbicides research progresses ahead

While interviewing a range of experts involved with research, development and advocacy of new HIV prevention tools at the recently concluded XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012), I was reminded of a transgender woman who had said to me in an interview four years back that: "There is no doubt that we need more HIV prevention options - current options don't work especially for people like us... and this is the only possible reason to motivate me to advocate for new prevention options."

Mother's Milk Is The Best Nutrition For The Child

Mother’s milk is the ideal nutritionally perfect food for new-borns and infants. It is like nectar for the infant and is aptly called the first vaccine that can be given to the child. During the initial post natal phase, breast milk is in the form of yellow viscous milk or colostrum which is packed with antibodies (immune globulins), and give the child an integral immunity against various diseases, including acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea.

Childhood tuberculosis in spotlight at AIDS 2012

Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been neglected for a long time and in terms of the global policy the focus has been on adult tuberculosis. To add fuel to fire, presentation of the disease is less specific in children, and while diagnosis is difficult, treatment is also very child unfriendly.

Legal barriers and stereotypes block care services for same sex couples

Despite alarming HIV rates amongst the men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people, many countries, community leaders, media and society at large continue to hold discriminating stereotypes against them. "Punitive laws will drive MSM and transgender populations underground" rightly said Aradhana Johri of Department of AIDS Control, Government of India.

Punitive laws block access to health services for injecting drug users

The XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) reminds us how punitive laws and criminalizing policies keep most affected communities disengaged. Due to the policy block in US, sex workers and injecting drug users (IDUs) weren't able to participate in AIDS 2012 from around the world.

Project ARM: Addressing HIV prevention needs of those practicing anal sex

One of the clear messages from the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) in Washington DC is that HIV prevention research is progressing ahead with thrust to meet needs of most at risk populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender populations, injecting drug users, women and men with high risk behaviours, among others.

After 19 years of neglect, female condoms in spotlight at AIDS 2012

Nineteen years after female condoms were approved by the US FDA in 1993, they are not yet available as widely as one would have wished. What could have delayed their optimal utilization to meet the unmet prevention needs: was it because female condoms were not rolled out under a robust enough and well-resourced comprehensive programme and strategy, or potential users didn't prefer using it?

Double-Trouble: HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV)

In communities where sharing of injecting equipment drives the HIV epidemic, a parallel epidemic of hepatitis C virus (HCV) often lurks quietly. A couple of days before the World Hepatitis Day, 28 July, Dr Victor Lo Re, an infectious disease researcher at the University of Pennsylvania, presented data on the impact of HIV and HCV co-infection at the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012).

Partners In Crime: MDR TB and HIV

India is a very high burden TB country, accounting for 21% of the global incidence. It is estimated that TB kills 300,000 Indians annually: one death every 2 minutes. The situation is no better when it comes to multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

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