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Asian Tribune is published by E-LANKA MEDIA(PVT)Ltd. Vol. 20 No. 79

Deadliest Conflicts Down 80 Percent Since 1992

[b]Deadliest Conflicts Down 80 Percent Since 1992[/b]

By Thalif Deen - Inter Press Service

[b]United Nations, 18 October, (IPS):[/b] Contrary to widespread popular belief, there has been a "major decline" in armed conflicts, genocides, human rights abuses, military coups and international crises since the early 1990s, according to a new study released here.

Among the key findings: the number of armed conflicts has declined by more than 40 percent since 1992. The deadliest conflicts (those with 1,000 or more battle-deaths) dropped even more dramatically -- by 80 percent.

The number of military coups and attempted coups has declined by some 60 percent since 1963. In 1963, there were 25 coups or attempted coups; in 2004, there were 10. "All failed," says the study.

Britain and France, followed by the United States and Russia/Soviet Union, have fought most international wars since 1946.

But most armed conflicts now take place in the world's poorest countries, primarily in Africa. But as incomes raise, the risk of war declines, the report argues.

The biggest death tolls do not come from actual fighting, but from war-exacerbated disease and malnutrition. These "indirect" deaths can account for as much as 90 percent of the total war-related death toll.

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