Skip to Content

Asian Tribune is published by World Institute For Asian Studies|Powered by WIAS Vol. 12 No. 1590

Jinnah’s birth anniversary

Jinnah.jpgThe 136th birth anniversary of founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is being celebrated today with reverence, renewing the pledge to follow his guiding principles to steer the country out crises.

The day starts with special prayers to the Almighty for the solidarity, progress, prosperity, peace and harmony in the country. Various political, educational and social organisations have chalked out special functions to pay homage to the Quaid-e-Azam, who created a separate state for Muslims of South Asia. The celebrations will take place both at public and private levels by holding functions to pay tribute to Quaid for his heroic struggle for an independent homeland for Muslims of the sub-continent.

The main event will take place at the Quaid’s mausoleum in Karachi with the change of guard. A number of social, cultural and educational programmes will also be arranged in different parts of the country to pay tribute to the Quaid-e-Azam. Both private and state-run TV channels would air special programmes while national dailies will publish special supplements to apprise the people about the personality and achievements of the Father of the Nation.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on December 25, 1876. He received his early education at the Sindh Madrasa and later at the Mission School, Karachi. He went to England for further studies in 1892 at the age of 16. In 1896, Jinnah qualified for the Bar and was called to the Bar in 1897.

As a member of the Muslim League, Jinnah began to work for Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1917, the annual sessions of both the Congress and the League were held at Lucknow. The League session was presided over by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It marked the culmination of his efforts towards Hindu-Muslim unity. Here, both the League and the Congress adopted a scheme of reforms known as the Lucknow Pact.

Until the publication of Nehru Report, Jinnah continued his efforts for Hindu-Muslim unity. The Nehru Report, published in 1928, was severely criticized by all sections of the Muslim community. In December 1928, the National Convention was called to consider the Report. Jinnah proposed some amendments, but they were all rejected. He finally parted ways with the Congress.

In 1929, Jinnah presented his famous Fourteen Points in response to the Nehru Report. When he returned from England, he reorganized the Muslim League. In 1934, he was elected as its permanent president.

The Provincial Assembly elections of 1937 swept the Congress to power in eight provinces. After almost two years of oppressive rule, Muslims under the leadership of Jinnah, celebrated the Day of Deliverance at the end of Congress rule.
The Muslim League held its annual session at Lahore in March 1940. This was presided over by Quaid-i-Azam. The demand for Pakistan was formally put forward here. This goal was realized on August 14, 1947. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was appointed as its first Governor General.

The establishment of Pakistan brought even greater responsibilities for Jinnah. The refugee problem, the withholding of Pakistani assets by India, and the Kashmir problem were a real test for the Quaid. However, his indomitable will prevailed. He worked out a sound economic policy, established an independent currency and the State Bank for Pakistan. He chose Karachi as the federal capital.

However, he did not live long to witness the progress of the state that he had founded. On September 11, 1948, he died after a protracted illness at Karachi. He was buried in Karachi that witnessed the entire nation mourning over an irreparable loss.

- Asian Tribune -

Share this