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Asian Tribune is published by World Institute For Asian Studies|Powered by WIAS Vol. 12 No. 2611

Tsunami Detection Station Established by U.S. close to Sri Lanka: U.S. contributions to early warning system for tsunamis

A US Bureau Asian Tribune Presentation

Washington, D.C. 23 August ( As part of the U.S. effort, in December 2006, U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) experts and Thai government officials put a deep-ocean assessment and reporting of tsunamis (DART) station in the Indian Ocean, halfway between Thailand and Sri Lanka, as a U.S. contribution to a global early warning system for tsunamis and other hazards, reports State Department Web Portal USINFO.

NOAA upgraded six coastal sea-level gauges in Sri Lanka, Indonesia and the Maldives and contributed seven more gauges. The stations, which are integrated into the Global Sea-Level Observing System network, transmit data at one-minute intervals via satellite.

USGS has conducted technical workshops in cooperation with the IOC in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Maldives and has held regional workshops.

Following is the full text of USINFO release:

Experts from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will put a second tsunami-warning device in the Indian Ocean in September, as part of the U.S. government’s commitment to help the region protect its communities from impending tsunamis and other coastal hazards.

After the 9.1-magnitude earthquake off Sumatra, Indonesia, in December 2004 and a tsunami whose waves inundated Indian Ocean coastlines and killed 230,000 people, the U.S. government established a two-year, $16.6 million program to help nations there begin to build an early warning system.

Experts from U.S. agencies contributed to the effort, including the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), which manages the program; NOAA; the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS); the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS); the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA); and the State Department.

The project officially ends September 30, but U.S. involvement will continue through agreements with individual countries and participation in the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) and other bodies.

“We’ve shared our knowledge and the approach we’ve learned over the past 40 years building a tsunami warning system in the United States,” said Curt Barrett, director of the Indian Ocean Project at NOAA, during an August 15 USINFO interview.

- Asian Tribune -

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