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Asian Tribune is published by E-LANKA MEDIA(PVT)Ltd. Vol. 20 No. 76

Your blood saved my life – share life, give blood

By Manjari Peiris

The World Health Organization states that hundred and eight million blood donations are collected globally of which half are in high-income countries.

Do you know, blood donation by 1 percent of the population can meet a nation’s most basic requirements for blood?

Blood transfusion saves lives and improves health. But many patients requiring transfusion do not have timely access to safe blood. An integral part of a national health care policy and infrastructure of every country should be dedicated for providing safe and adequate blood.

Today is World Blood Donor Day – 14 June 2016

The World Health Organization recommends that all activities related to blood collection, testing, processing, storage and distribution be coordinated at the national level through effective organization and integrated blood supply networks.

The national blood system should be governed by national blood policy and legislative framework to promote uniform implementation of standards and consistency in the quality and safety of blood and blood products.

In 2012, 70 percent countries had a national blood policy, compared with 60 percent countries in 2004. Overall, 62 percent countries have specific legislation covering the safety and quality of blood transfusion:

• ?81 percent high-income countries ;

• ?60 percent middle-income countries; and

• ?44 percent low-income countries.

About 108 million blood donations are collected worldwide. More than half of these are collected in high-income countries, home to 18 percent of the world’s population.

About 10 000 blood centres in 168 countries report collecting a total of 83 million donations. Collections at blood centres vary according to income group.

The median annual donations per blood centre is 3100 in the low- and middle-income countries, as compared to 15 000 in the high-income countries.

There is a marked difference in the level of access to blood between low- and high-income countries. The whole blood donation rate is an indicator for the general availability of blood in a country. The median blood donation rate in high-income countries is 36.8 donations per 1000 population. This compares with 11.7 donations in middle-income countries and 3.9 donations in low-income countries.

Seventy five countries report collecting fewer than 10 donations per 1 000 population. Of these, 40 countries are in WHO’s African Region, 8 in the Americas, 7 in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 6 in Europe, 6 in South-Eastern Asian and 8 in the Western Pacific. All are low- or middle-income countries.

Data about the gender profile of blood donors show that globally 30 percent of blood donations are given by women, although this ranges widely.

The age profile of blood donors shows that more young people donate blood in low- and middle-income countries, proportionally than in high-income countries.

The World Health Organization recommends that all blood donations should be screened for infections prior to use. Screening should be mandatory for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and syphilis. Blood screening should be performed according to the quality system requirements.

- Asian Tribune -

Your blood saved my life – share life, give blood
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